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The Philosophy of Hobbes

Philosopher Thomas Hobbes was an opponent of democracy, who lived through the beheading of Charles I. His arguments became most controversial during social revolutions, with modern Hobbes proponents citing tales of failed revolutions to support their arguments. But the arguments are not without merit. In this article we will explore some of his main themes: Natural philosophy, Moral philosophy, Mimesis, and Science. We’ll also look at the implications of these ideas for social and political reform.

Natural philosophy

Thomas Hobbes’ natural philosophy is often considered a foundational work in modern philosophy. It was written during the Enlightenment, and has since been studied by a wide range of scholars. A fundamental principle of Hobbes’ natural philosophy is that there are no completely separate conceptions in the mind. For instance, he argues that the word ‘tree’ is a universal name for all trees, but ‘tree’ is also a specific name for an individual tree.

The second major issue in Finn’s study of Hobbes’ natural philosophy is that his political commitments predate his exploration of natural philosophy. His political beliefs were formulated prior to his investigation of physics, optics, and geometry, and he had not yet begun to reflect on the scientific advances of his time. While his political views were already set, it would be unfair to claim that they did not inform his natural philosophy.

In his book, Finn argues that the traditional interpretation of Hobbes’ natural philosophy ignores his political beliefs. Hobbes, he claims, would have preferred the monarchy. Ultimately, Finn seeks to provide the best interpretation of Hobbes, which he defines as the position that is most consistent with the textual evidence. While it is impossible to disentangle political ideas from natural philosophy, Finn’s approach is nevertheless an important contribution to Hobbes’ scholarship.

While there are a number of differences between the two approaches, this comparison is likely to show how fundamental these ideas are in the framework of modern philosophy. The latter view is more expansive than the former and includes more explanations of change. However, a few of Hobbes’ arguments are rooted in the Scholastic Aristotelian tradition. This view of the past also allows us to examine the connection between the two traditions.

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The mixed-mathematics view lies between the two extremes. The mixed-mathematics view shares the concern that higher levels do not contain concepts from lower levels. For example, in the optical explanations, geometrical principles are used, but they do not include concepts of light and color. This lack of containment is particularly evident in the “Table of the Several Subjects of Science,” which shows that Hobbes believes in a geometrical world view.

Moral philosophy

Thomas Hobbes’s moral philosophy is based on the basic premise that humans should live in peace under sovereign power, without conflict within the so-called state of nature. In other words, human beings should be free from the fear of violence and should avoid engaging in the conflict. The moral philosophy of Hobbes explains that this is possible, but only if humans do not engage in violence. The basic principles of Hobbes’ moral philosophy are described below.

The moral rules that Hobbes outlined must be observed by all members of a society. This requires political obedience, and it is dependent on the power of the state to impose the laws that humans are required to follow. In his Moral philosophy of Hobbes, however, the law of nature is flipped on its head, substituting a primitive state of fact for a classical notion of nature. This shift in perspective led to a moral philosophy that resembles the philosophy of Kant.

Using an Oxford Bibliography Online subscription allows you to view all of Hobbes’s works in full. These resources include a biography, chronologies, and 140 articles. They are also available on subscription or perpetual access to institutions. In this way, you can access the bibliographies in their entirety anytime, anywhere. The book also includes a biography by Robin E. R. Bunce. It is a good place to start for anyone interested in the moral philosophy of Hobbes.

Moral philosophy of Hobbes is an essentially negative view of human behavior. It also recognizes Knowledge by Intensity as the fundamental datum. As a result, the philosophers tried to find substitutes for Knowledge by Intensity. However, their attempts to emulate Knowledge by Intensity remained a thorn in their side. The moral philosophy of Hobbes, in fact, is a powerful critique of the modern age of western philosophy.

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While Thomas Aquinas and Hobbes have largely different philosophical approaches, they do share certain ideas. Hobbes, for example, denies that humans are ordered to achieve ultimate happiness. His position is contrary to the traditional view of natural law and implies that there is no supreme being who defines good and evil. However, the moral philosophy of Hobbes also challenges the existence of a God. However, it is worth analyzing if you are interested in this philosophical debate.


If we take a disjointed view of philosophy, then it is difficult to understand Hobbes’s practice in a systematic way. But by explicitly citing principles from elsewhere in the system, Hobbes signals that the parts of the system fit together. The rise of experimental science is contextualized in Hobbes’s conflicts with the Royal Society. He also argues that mathematics and geometry are indispensable prerequisites for understanding natural philosophy.

The most important difference between these two views is in the way the causal concept is defined. The latter view assumes that there is only one causal principle, and all causes of change are efficient. In the former view, causes of change are causal, but not necessarily in the same order. The former stance is much more inclusive, including explanations as causal causes and other sorts of causes. On the other hand, Hobbes emphasized that causality must be rooted in motion and should not be understood without the aid of an object or a system.

This view is rooted in the Scholastic Aristotelian tradition, which was popular in the sixteenth century. Despite its influence, Hobbes’ view of nature is difficult to reconcile with his own work. His use of the phrase “besides” is a good example of how he was able to borrow a principle from another discipline. Aristotle, for example, used the same principle to explain the nature of a plant.

Philosophers from the classical period, from Descartes to Kant, tended to draw the most from Hobbes. Although Leibniz took up Hobbes’s work, he considered it mistaken in several respects. Nevertheless, he did not disown it, and later empiricist philosophers such as Locke embraced the themes in Hobbes. If you’re looking for a book review, Hobbes is a good choice.

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Philosophers who study the work of the 17th century will likely find it to be highly challenging. While many readers of the work may agree that Hobbes’s arguments are unsound, the fact that he was a prominent scholar of religion, politics, and philosophy of science was not an accident. A common thread through these works is the need for undivided sovereignty, which was a major problem during the time.


In the Philosophy of Hobbes, the concept of mimesis is central to his discussion of politics and morality. The anthropological dimension of mimesis is highlighted. He argues that men measure their honor by studying the behavior of other people. In addition, he employs the linguistic dimension to explain normative consensus. Mimesis also relates to aesthetics and the intersection of politics and aesthetics.

According to Hobbes, the will is a rational choice. The will arises from the deliberation of an agent. When a person has a desire, they must determine whether it is desirable or not for them. Mimesis is an important feature of free will, since it explains why humans can be motivated by desires. Mimesis can be a defining trait in human society, and it is often a key feature of human nature.

It’s important to understand the difference between Mimesis and virtue. Virtues and hedonism are opposites, but Hobbes is a representative realist in international relations. By contrast, happiness is dangerous. Besides, sages never feel anxious. This is the major difference between the two theories. The latter is closer to the hedonist style of happiness, whereas the former is more like an ideal.

The philosophical ideas of Thomas Hobbes are rooted in the principles of morality and human sexuality. While this may seem paradoxical to some, it is a fact that it is a necessary component of morality. The erotic aspect of Hobbes’s work is rarely discussed in materialist philosophy. A philosopher’s philosophy can be both erotic and materialist. The two are closely linked, but they have their distinct distinctions.