The Nietzsche philosophy of higher human beings is the most controversial and difficult to understand among the modern philosophers. This article explores Nietzsche’s response to historical nihilism, the theory of drives, and the concept of morality. It concludes with a brief summary of the philosophical implications of Nietzsche’s philosophy. If you’re looking for a good philosophical reading for your next college course, this is the article for you.
Nietzsche’s philosophy of higher human beings
This essay examines Nietzsche’s philosophy of higher human kind. Nietzsche posited that humans are made up of various types, but did not believe that any one of them was more desirable than another. His philosophy relies on type-facts, which are based on philosophical and moral beliefs. Specifically, Nietzsche posited that people are morally superior to nonhuman animals because they have the capacity to achieve the highest kind of happiness.
The highest type of human beings are distinguished by their bearing towards other people and themselves. This bearing implies self-reverence. A great man has a superior nature, and this is reflected in his incommunicability and distance from the crowd. As such, he is free from all consequences, and his status is not determined by his rank. The elitist character of Nietzsche reveals that he is an elitist by nature.
The philosophy of higher human beings is often a challenging read for those who don’t understand Nietzsche’s philosophy. His ideas are esoteric, and his aim is to reach a select group to change their consciousness about morality. He is a purist, and his stance is far more liberating than those of the worldly-minded. In this article, we’ll look at how Nietzsche’s thoughts on higher human beings may have affected our own moral values.
Another aspect of Nietzsche’s philosophy of higher human kind is the notion that we should not dwell on our past, but rather focus on the future. This view is contrary to Christianity and other religions. According to Nietzsche, all life is an indistinct swirl of becoming. Nietzsche sees a superior attitude that embraces change. This attitude makes the world seem better and more beautiful.
Nietzsche’s response to historical nihilism
Friedrich Nietzsche’s response to historical nigellism is not a defense of the theory of political philosophy. He was a strong critic of political philosophy throughout his career. Nietzsche’s anti-politics view has been defended by philosophers such as Locke, Rousseau, and Mill, to name a few. But what makes Nietzsche’s critique of political philosophy so effective?
While Nietzsche is critical of MPS’s “con” attitude, he does not discount its role. He says that “con-objects” are extrinsically valuable for human excellence. But such a principle is obscured by MPS’s “con” attitude. Rather, Nietzsche argues that a powerful will must be present in order to be effective.
Nietzsche argues that higher types need to be shaken from their instinctive commitment to moral traditions. In order to do this, he uses his naturalism, which places a high priority on type-facts and non-conscious drives. Nietzsche’s rejection of rational persuasion suggests he is not an advocate of argumentation. Instead, he chooses persuasion through other rhetorical devices.
Nussbaum argues that Nietzsche is a political philosopher, but does not provide clear textual evidence to support this claim. He makes a claim that he was a “bringer of glad tidings,” but this is not explicit in the text. Furthermore, he does not claim that morality is politically important. Rather, he argues that morality defines the character of most humans.
During the 1940s and 1950s, the existentialist movement gained a lot of popularity in France, where it has become the currency of contemporary society. Jean-Paul Sartre defined the existentialist movement as “existence precedes essence”. It aims to reject the notion of the essential self and human nature. The lack of a sense of identity, meaning, and purpose can be terrifying, leaving a person alone and in an impoverished state.
Nietzsche’s theory of drives
In Nietzsche’s theory of drives, affects and drives are related and occur simultaneously. Drives produce affects, conscious and unconscious. They are responsible for structuring reflective thought and perceptions. Drives have an object and an aim, but do not arise automatically as a response to external stimuli, but rather actively seek expression. In this way, drives help us make sense of our lives and become more aware of our own nature.
The highest human can address the drives and develop an orderly soul, but it must first learn which of the drives are dominant and which are cooperative. The higher person must know the right times to exert dominance over each drive. Although many of these drives are unconscious, it is possible to address them through affects. Nietzsche’s theory of drives provides a framework for understanding these effects. Here are some ways to begin learning to understand the deeper meanings of your own drives.
Friedrich Nietzsche’s theories about drives and emotions have been heavily influenced by philosophers such as Arthur Schopenhauer. Schopenhauer, a generation before Nietzsche, argued that pleasure is a product of force, and the universe is driven by this force. He argued that life is driven by the need to expand and procreate. The urge to reproduce is the most basic aspect of reality.
While his intellectual work was influential, Nietzsche was also a deeply religious man. His personal relationship with Wagner ended after reading Wagner’s Theory of Moral Sentiments. Nietzsche’s theory of drives reflects the idea that one’s beliefs can be changed by their environment. Ultimately, this can lead to self-discipline. So, what can we learn from Nietzsche’s theory of drives?
Nietzsche’s view of morality
Nietzsche’s criticism of morality was a direct response to his own criticism of the concept of “good.” He argued that to take morality seriously, we must renounce altruism and renounce all notions of morality, including the concept of beauty. But he also argued that the idea of good is merely a cultural construct that cannot be questioned. In fact, he argued that the concept of “good” is indistinguishable from culture, which is reflected in language, codes, practices, narratives, and institutions.
Friedrich Nietzsche’s view of morality is a powerful critique of conventional values. His critique of morality was harsh and scathing, boiling down conventional morality to its roots. His perspectivist approach means he can easily dismiss any attempt to attack his ideas. However, this criticism of Nietzsche’s ethics does not mean that the concept of morality is inherently evil. Nietzsche’s moral philosophy is deeply rooted in the German philosopher’s personal views.
Nietzsche’s critique of morality aims to delineate a lineage of the various theories of morality through history. He believes that humans are influenced by powerful inbuilt drives, and that moral codes emerge as normative manifestations of those drives. In addition, Nietzsche asserts that moral codes are contingent and merely reflect one possibility. Therefore, we should be cautious when analyzing morality through this perspective.
Nietzsche’s critique of morality begins by identifying two types of people and their respective moral codes. Slave morality is based on resentment and devalues the values of the master. It also vilifies its masters. In other words, Nietzsche’s critique of morality is an exegetical and pessimistic view of the human condition.
Nietzsche’s attitude towards Jews
As a German philosopher of the 19th century, Nietzsche has been accused of anti-Semitism. Nietzsche, however, was not motivated by anti-Semitism. Nietzsche’s attitude toward Jews was not a result of his asocial wanderings, but rather by his view of Jews as a group which cheated at the grand game of cultural progress. He described Jews as cunning necromancers and resentful spoilers of the empire.
Although he was opposed to Nazi intentions, Nietzsche’s anti-Semitism did not appear to harm the Jewish people. He also argued that Jews were the source of Christianity, and that the anti-Semite was a “most acute anti-Semite.” His work, The Antichrist, outlines his views on the unholiness of Judaism and the Jews’ role in the spiritual history of Europe.
Despite Nietzsche’s anti-Semitic views, Nietzsche did harbor complex attitudes towards Jews throughout his life. While he was an anti-antisemite, he also fought against crude anti-Semitism prevalent in late nineteenth-century Germany. He opposed Paul La Garde’s calls for expulsion, and advocated intermarriage with Prussian aristocrats. In addition, he believed that Jewish intelligence made them superior to all other races.
While his brother never admitted to being an anti-Semite, his sister, Elizabeth, was. Elizabeth forged his letters and suppressed some of his publications. She allegedly also used some of his notebooks to write down his anti-Semitic thoughts. However, she does not deny the anti-Semitism in Nietzsche’s work. The Nazis’ attempt to exploit Nietzsche’s works was a mistake, but it does not diminish his anti-Semitic stance.
Friedrich Nietzsche’s relationship to Nazism has been a controversial topic since the Second World War. In many post-war portraits of Nietzsche, he is condemned for complicity in Nazi evil, while others praise him for his apolitical views. One such portrait, ‘The Man Who Isn’t’ (1943), failed to acknowledge Nietzsche’s power-political aspects.