Philosophy in Teaching

In this article, we will discuss Aristotle and Rousseau’s philosophy of education. While Rousseau is renowned for his views on moral education, he also draws a distinction between pragmatism and empiricism when it comes to teaching. This article will discuss Rousseau’s approach to philosophy in teaching and how it might influence your classroom practice. We will also examine the idea of legitimation in teaching.


Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Paris in 1725. He was an apprentice to an engraver but left the city when he was just sixteen years old. His time in the country was brief and ended when he was acquitted of the false accusation that he stole a ribbon. In 1756, Rousseau moved to the city of Montmorency and lived with his wife, Louise de Warens.

One of Rousseau’s most important works is The Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar, which documents his views on metaphysics and free will. His work on natural religion, however, became controversial and was banned in Paris for years. In the 1760s, he published his most comprehensive work on politics, The Du Contract Social. Rousseau’s views have continued to influence education to this day.

The classical view says that the state of civil society is the natural state of man. However, Locke and Hobbes question whether Rousseau meant this to be literally true. And he argues that the pure state of nature is nonexistent. In this view, human beings derive their sense of self from the opinions of others, which is detrimental to freedom. Thus, a free society requires free people to make their own decisions, and freedom of choice is the key.

The philosophy of education advocated by Rousseau is based on the belief that knowledge gained by doing is more permanent than knowledge acquired through words. Rousseau believed that long lectures would dull a child’s interest in learning. Hence, it is imperative to let children act and learn without imposing limits on them. He also emphasized the importance of play in the development of young children. When humans are young, they don’t know the difference between play and work. Therefore, the best education for them is through play.


Philosophers have always debated the role of knowledge in society. However, Aristotle has an important place in education, as it offers a fundamental and compelling case for the power of knowledge. The philosophy of science is one example of how knowledge can help people achieve their goals. In other words, knowledge is power. To use the philosophy of science in education is to empower students with the necessary tools to live a successful life.

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Aristotle’s philosophy of education has recently been revived by philosophers and historians who have sought to understand the origins of educational thought. While scholars are increasingly taking this theory into consideration, his originality is still questionable, particularly given the numerous occurrences of his theory in the Nicomachean Ethics. But despite its importance in modern education, Aristotle’s philosophy has undergone a scholarly transition.

Aristotle’s philosophy of education emphasized the importance of balancing the practical and theoretical aspects of subjects taught. In the example of the square, Aristotle explicitly mentioned reading and writing, a variety of sciences, and physical education. Aristotle also stressed the importance of play, as he believed that education’s primary purpose is to cultivate good citizens for the polis. Education, therefore, has a fundamental role in the fate of an empire.

Aristotle’s theory of justice focuses on the distribution of resources in society. Rather than the rich getting more resources than the poor, the privileged are given less than the underprivileged. It allows society to work towards equality and prevents the rise of a Revolution. The theory of justice is based on a fundamental idea of social justice: the distribution of resources is just. For example, a wealthy person may receive more resources than someone in a poor neighborhood. In this way, Aristotle believed that the beginning of philosophy was poetry.

Rousseau’s philosophy of education

In applying Rousseau’s philosophy of education to teaching, teachers must provide opportunities for every child, regardless of aptitude, so that they can fully develop. Teachers must also provide co-curricular activities so that students can explore their talents. While Rousseau was anti-social, today’s society values socialization and democracy. Therefore, the role of teachers should be to facilitate the development of pupils, not to impose one particular type of education.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s philosophy of education has influenced modern pedagogy in many ways. Many of the foundational principles of modern pedagogy are based on his writings. His philosophy of education aims to help teachers improve student performance by fostering creativity, curiosity, and personal growth. It is important to remember that Rousseau’s philosophy of education is not just a philosophy.

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The French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1770) believed that people are born good but are ruined by society. In this regard, he preferred rural education for children. In the process, he also sought to remove the hypocrisy of society. He believed that a natural education would promote child-like qualities. Moreover, he strongly opposed education of women in schools.

Besides his naturalistic philosophy of education, Rousseau also believed in the necessity of discipline. He was critical of both positive and negative education. The latter is more likely to result in destructive behaviors. The former, as the term suggests, is the better option. Education should be a means to achieving the natural growth of a person and a balanced, harmonious life. If we can make our children learn to live within these parameters, we can be assured that the quality of education we provide will be much higher.

Rousseau’s pragmatism

The use of Rousseau’s pragmatist approach to teaching philosophy can be dangerous. The idea of natural consequences is outmoded in a world where technology and gadgets have become part of everyday life. Rousseau was influenced by other philosophers of his time, including Hume, Smith, Voltaire, and Wollstonecraft. Rousseau’s works have inspired many philosophies and other fields.

Rousseau’s pragmatist approach to teaching philosophy has many implications. For example, it claims that formal education is corrupting and encourages children to learn by experience. This idea is reflected in the 20th century “progressivism” movement. Dewey is associated with this movement and emphasizes the importance of personal growth and experience in education. In addition, it promotes the value of a student-centered approach to education.

The role of the community in the education of children was not emphasized by Rousseau. While education is important, society must be involved. Rousseau’s educational theory encourages students to learn about negative virtues and values. As such, a dignified society needs higher morality. In the absence of higher morality, Rousseau’s educational philosophy is not helpful.

There are a number of different ways to apply the principles of existentialist philosophy to the classroom. One way is to allow students to choose what they want to learn, and to assign themselves assignments based on their preferences and interests. In this method, teachers act more as facilitators, directing students to appropriate study methods and materials. Ultimately, teachers are seen as additional resources. Students can be highly successful with this approach if it is infused with student-centered philosophies.

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While most major philosophers of education shared the same view on the central place of reason in education, they held very different philosophical views. Ultimately, this makes it difficult to determine which is more beneficial. However, it is important to understand that Rousseau’s pragmatism in teaching philosophy can be helpful in determining what’s most appropriate for a given classroom. This is especially true in the case of the philosophy of education.

Rousseau’s realism

In philosophy, we study the emergence and development of ideas, and how the views of philosophers shape other activities. Rousseau’s contributions to non-philosophy fields often illuminate his philosophical commitments. Rousseau argued that human nature is good, but society corrupts it. Nonetheless, the question of whether society itself is corrupt or human nature itself is difficult to answer. This debate has been raging for centuries.

The emergence of modern man and the rise of modern society demonstrates that humans are no longer living up to their basic needs. Rousseau argues that modern man is enslaved by his own desires and passions, and this leads to all sorts of social ills, including low self-esteem and even depression. However, this is not the only reason to question modern man’s societal behavior.

Rousseau’s realism has influenced children’s literature. The Jungle Books by Rudyard Kipling, published in 1894, owe much of Mowgli’s lupine education to Rousseau. Similarly, Edgar Rice Burroughs’ Tarzan of the Apes was published in 1914, and Frances Hodgson Burnett’s The Secret Garden in 1911 is a classic example of his influence on children’s literature.

The fundamental question of politics is a major concern for Rousseau’s work, since he argues that human societies have evolved and are not self-sufficient. Instead, individuals depend on each other’s help to satisfy their basic needs. As a result, he sees a conflict of interest between the interests of individuals and those of others. And while he acknowledges the existence of the need to gratify oneself, he argues that such societies must be balanced with the interests of others.

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